8

, , , ( ) . :

nH2O

[7], CS2, , . , , N CS2:

HO

NaOH + CS2 C=S

NaS

HO S

C6H7O2(OH)2- + C=S C6H7O2(OH)2-OC + H2O

NaSSNa

, . , , - .

-, - . ,

3 CS2 + 6 NaOH 2 Na2CS3 + Na2CO3 + 3 H2O

CS2 NaOH (, , .).

6 . , , . , -, . , , NaOH, .

: 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

( ... . trinitas - ), , , - .

( , Milescu) (1636-1708), , , . 1653-71 . 1671 , . 1675-78 . 1695. " " ( 1882) " . " (1675-78, 1906) - .

( , , ), .